1501 - 1900 AD


1634 

`Thomas Tryon (1634 – 1703) published ten books between 1682 and 1702 which cover domestic matters, with strong emphasis on diet and vegetarianism. He recommended a vegetable diet and a complete refusal to eat flesh. His writings influenced the Quakers, Aphra Behn (a playwright), and Benjamin Franklin.’ 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1670

`Bernard Mandeville (1670 – 1733) was an Anglo-Dutch philosopher, political economist and satirist. He lived most of his life in England. One of his published works was The Carnivorous Custom and Human Vanity. In this piece, the target was the cruelty that the slaughter of animals for food entails.’ 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess https://en.wikipedia.org/


1688 

`Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772) was a Swedish scientist and Christian mystic whose teachings and writings became the reason so many left their mainstream religions and the basis for the formation of the Church of the New Jerusalem, the New Jerusalem Temple, and Bible Christian movement. Swedenborg is probably best known for his book History of Vegetarianism – Europe: The Middle Ages to the 18th Century.’ 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1699

Cookbook – `Aceteria: A Discourse of Sallets by English royal chef John Evelyn is published, advocating the eating of salads. Aceteria was one chapter in a gardening book that Evelyn wrote at the age of 79. It was the only part of this book that made it to print. Was John Evelyn vegetarian? This question is not clearly answered but Evelyn writes in his diary that he wanted people to get back to the “state of Original Perfection,” by living on earth as the Creator intended.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson. 3. Food: A Cultural Culinary History, by Professor Ken Albala (University of the Pacific). (The western hemisphere’s first cookbook?)


1705 

`David Hartley (1705 – 1757) was an English philosopher and founder of the Associationist school of psychology. He wrote Carnivorous Callousness in 1748. Hartley believed that when God gave Noah permission to eat meat, it was a permission only and by eating meat, Noah shortened the human life span.’ 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1728 

`Oliver Goldsmith (1728 - 1774) was a British poet and essayist. He satirically scrutinized the norms of eighteenth century England through the eyes of “Lien Chi Altangi” a fictional Chinese visitor to the West who regales his Peking correspondents with sometimes bewildering accounts of British customs. One such essay was They Pity, and Eat the Objects of Their Compassion.’ 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1732 

`German settlers in Pennsylvania, led by Johann Conrad Beissel, create Ephrata Cloister, which becomes the longest-lived vegetarian and spiritual commune in America. The site is still open for daily tours.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page.


1743

`William Paley (1743 – 1805) was an English clergyman, Christian apologist, philosopher, and utilitarian. In a selection from his book Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy, Paley wrote The Dubious Right to Eat Flesh where he concedes there is no argument to justify the claim that humans possess the right to the flesh of animals.’ 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1790’s 

`John Chapman (Johnny Appleseed), a vegetarian and follower of Christian mystic Emanuel Swedenborg, begins his journey to sow apple seeds throughout the Midwest.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page.


1790 

`Alphonse de Lamartine (1790 – 1869) was a French poet who denounced the slaughter of animals for food in A Shameful Human Infirmity, an excerpt from his autobiography. In the Vegetarian Review he writes about his strong belief in pre-natal influences. An eighteen year old boy killed a ten year old girl. The boy confessed he had once killed a boy; and he told the examiner that the only reason was that he could not help it. The boy’s mother explains that she worked in a butchering establishment when she was pregnant with him, assisting in “various duties”. 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1792 

`Percy Bysshe Shelly (1792-1822) was one of Britain’s finest poets. Inspired by the writings of Pythagoras and his friend John Frank Newton, makes a case for vegetarianism in his essay, A Vindication of Natural Diet (1813), in which he argues against the waste of both animal life and valuable land.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 4. Famous Vegetarians & Their Favorite Recipes: Lives & Lore, From Buddha to the Beatles, by Rynn Berry. 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1809

`The Reverend William Cowherd founds Bible Christian Church (BCC) in Manchester, England and advocates for abstinence from eating meat. The Bible Christians were inspired by the life and works of Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772). He saw meat-eating as the most vivid symbol of our fall from grace and the source of all evil.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson. 3. Food: A Cultural Culinary History, by Professor Ken Albala (University of the Pacific). 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1813 

`The great German composure Richard Wagner (1813 – 1883) was a lifetime advocate of animal rights and vegetarianism, as well as an intensely outspoken critic of vivisection. In Human Beasts of Prey and Fellow-Suffering, Wagner argues that humans have become ‘beasts of prey’ by denying any kinship with the animals they slaughter for food, even though the latter are sentient and display “human-like” traits such as loyalty and compassion.’ 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1817

`William Metcalfe and 40 followers from the Manchester Bible Christian Church (BCC) sail to America to establish the vegetarian sect of Pennsylvania.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1820 

London, England: `Appalling adulteration of food occurred, much of it in the industrial and commercial processing of ingredients. Poisons were being mixed with foods, and countless numbers of people/paupers including children were dying. This was first researched by Frederic Accum in a comprehensive work whose cover bore the Biblical quotation: “There is Death in the Pot.” There was little in fact that could be eaten or drunk that was not adulterated.’ 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1821 

`Martha Brotherton (Mrs. Joseph Brotherton) writes one of the first vegetarian cookbooks.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


Cookbook - `A New System of Vegetable Cookery by Martha Brotherton is published.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1833

Cookbook - `Vegetable Cookery by Martha Brotherton is published.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1837

Cookbook - `A Treatise on Bread, and Bread-Making by Sylvester Graham is published. He travels and preaches on the virtues of whole wheat bread and vegetarianism. His followers are called Grahamites. He influences Harold Greeley (New York Tribune founder) to become vegetarian with the invention of the whole wheat graham cracker. Graham and William Alcott are founders of the American Physiology Society (APS) which advocates ‘the farinaceous vegetables” are “the best food for man.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 4. Famous Vegetarians & Their Favorite Recipes: Lives & Lore, From Buddha to the Beatles, by Rynn Berry. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1838 

Cookbook - ` William Andrus Alcott (1798 – 1859) writes Vegetable Diet: As Sanctioned by Medical Men, and By Experience in All Ages, one of America’s first books to espouse a vegetarian diet based on medical, political, economical and moral issues. His other writings include The World is a Mighty Slaughterhouse and Eating Flesh and Human Decimation.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson. 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


`Bronson Alcott establishes Alcott House in England giving rise to the first vegetarian society (1847).’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 4. Famous Vegetarians & Their Favorite Recipes: Lives & Lore, From Buddha to the Beatles, by Rynn Berry. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1842 

`The word “vegetarian” is used in print for the first time to describe the consumption of only vegetables which by definition include fruits and grains.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1843 

`The British and Foreign Society for the Promotion of Humanity and Abstinence from Animal Food is formed.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page.


`(Amos) Bronson Alcott, and his family including daughter Louisa May Alcott and followers, found America’s first vegetarian commune in Harvard, Massachusetts. The farm is named Fruitlands.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 4. Famous Vegetarians & Their Favorite Recipes: Lives & Lore, From Buddha to the Beatles, by Rynn Berry. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1844 

`Cookbook - The Water Cure for Ladies by Joel Shew, M.D. and Mrs. M.L. Shew is published.’ 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson.

1847 `The first Vegetarian Society is formed at a coastal hospital in England.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


Cookbook – `A Few Recipes of Vegetarian Diet was accompanied by scientific facts showing vegetable food is more nutritive and more digestible than the flesh of animals. It bore no authorship but showed the influence of Liebig’s work.’ 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


`Annie Besant (1847-1933) was one of the most admired women in the world in the late nineteenth century. She was born in London Oct. 1, 1847. She was an advocate of women’s rights and gave promise of what liberated would achieve n the twentieth century. As an editor and publisher, she was the first to recognize (George Bernard) Shaw’s genius and publish his novels in serial form. As the country’s first laywoman lawyer she trounced some of England’s most respected barristers in court. She was a courageous advocate of sex education and birth control, and founder of the modern family planning movement. As a pioneering trade unionist, she led England’s first strike on behalf of female workers. She succeeded Madame Blavatsky as international president of the Theosophical Society. She died in India in 1933. Many books have been written about her life.’ 4. Famous Vegetarians & Their Favorite Recipes: Lives & Lore, From Buddha to the Beatles, by Rynn Berry. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1850 

`Presbyterian minister, Sylvester Graham, co-founds the American Vegetarian Society with Rev. William Metcalfe and Dr. William Alcott.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 4. Famous Vegetarians & Their Favorite Recipes: Lives & Lore, From Buddha to the Beatles, by Rynn Berry. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


`Henry Salt (1851-1939) was born to English military family in India. He greatly admired the vegetarian and peaceful religions of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. He was an advocate of reforms for prisons, schools, economic institutions, and animal rights. In his book Seventy Years Among Savages, Salt blatantly refers to the English as the savages he wrote about and advocated a vegetarian diet and a life of non-violence. At a meeting of the London Vegetarian Society, Nov. 20, 1931, Mahatma Gandhi expressed his debt to Henry Salt for his book A Plea for Vegetarianism. He also wrote A History of Vegetarianism: 1851-1939 which influenced Henry David Thoreau.’ 4. Famous Vegetarians & Their Favorite Recipes: Lives & Lore, From Buddha to the Beatles, by Rynn Berry. 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1853 

 `At an American Vegetarian Society banquet, vegetarian suffragist Susan B. Anthony raises a toast to both vegetarianism and women’s rights.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page.


`Justus von Liebig - probably the first person we could call a nutritional scientist in the modern sense of the term -discovered through his research that animal protein is not fundamentally different from vegetable.’ 3. Food: A Cultural Culinary History, by Professor Ken Albala (University of the Pacific). 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1854

`Henry David Thoreau’s “Walden” is published. While he lived on Walden Pond, he became a vegetarian.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


Cookbook - `The New Hydropathic Cookbook by Russell Thacher Trall, M.D is published.’ 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson.


1855 

`Henry Clubb published four books between 1855 – 1898; a collection of essays exhorting vegetarian diet upon the reader and not plain cookery books.’ 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1856 

`Irish Playwright, George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950) authored more than 30 play that have become classics in the modern theater. Among them: Misalliance, Candida, and My Fair Lady (an adaptation of his Pygmalion for the musical stage). He was also one of the greatest drama and music critics to put pen to paper. In 1925 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 4. Famous Vegetarians & Their Favorite Recipes: Lives & Lore, From Buddha to the Beatles, by Rynn Berry. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1857 

`The Indian Mutiny of 1857 was caused by British insensitivity to the issue of Hindu vegetarianism and was widely ignored by the British public. The Mutiny was provoked by the British army refusing to use vegetable oil instead of lard in the preparation of food for the sepoys and troops of the Indian army.’ 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.

1859

Cookbook - `Vegetable Diet as Sanctioned by Medical Men by Dr. William A. Alcott; is published.’ 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1860

`John Smith, of Yorkshire, England writes a cookbook as well as hundreds of recipes.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page.


Cookbook - `The Principles and Practices of Vegetarian Cookery by John Smith is published.’ 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson.


1862 

`J. Howard Moore (1862-1927) was an American zoologist, teacher, and author of several books advocating vegetarianism and the humane treatment of animals. He is a sadly neglected but fascinating twentieth century champion of ethical vegetarianism. Among the books he wrote are Universal Kinship (1906) and The New Ethics (1907).’ 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1863 

`Ellen G. White, co-founder of the Seventh Day Adventist Church, reports visions from God inspiring her to promote a meatless diet.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1866

`Romain Rolland (1866-1944) was a French born art historian and novelist. He was one of the twentieth century’s most eloquent champions of pacifism and worked with Tolstoy and Gandhi in pursuit of world peace. He won the Noble Prize for Literature in 1915.’ 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1868 

`James Caleb Jackson’s book How to Treat the Sick Without Medicine is published. The book promotes a fruit and grain based diet He invents the first grain-based cereal which he dubs as “Granula”. 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page.


1869

`Mohandas Karamchand (Mahatma) Gandhi (1869-1948) the great Indian reformer and champion satyagraha, or peaceful civil disobedience, was also one of the contemporary era’s great advocates of ethical vegetarianism. He was raised vegetarian by his Hindu parents but toyed with carnivorism as a young man in hopes that emulating the diet of India’s British occupiers would give him the strength and courage associated with them. The experiment was short lived. In 1888, Gandhi comes to England to study law. He visits vegetarian restaurants because of his serious dislike for British cooking. He became a member of the London Vegetarian Society. In 1899, Gandhi renewed his commitment to vegetarianism with a new appreciation for its morale foundation. The title Mahatma (meaning Venerable or High Souled) was first applied to him in 1914 in South Africa.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. The Vegetarianism of Jesus Christ by Charles Vaclavik. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1870’s

England - `Vegetarianism did not really become involved in the welfare of animals until this time when it was the issue of vivisection that elicited passionate denunciation from all the most prominent campaigners. The campaign against vivisection brought some form of parliamentary legislation in the 1876 Cruelty to Animals Act.’ 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1875 

`Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) was a theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary in Africa. There are few contemporary thinkers who have defended the virtue of non-violence as eloquently and memorably. For Schweitzer, all organisms possess what he calls “the will to live”. “This drive ought to be respected in all animals, regardless of their position in the organic chain.” In 1952 he won the Nobel Peace Prize.’ 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1881 

`Anna Kingsford, one of the first English women to earn a medical degree, write about the benefits of vegetarianism in The Perfect Way to Diet and helps found the Food Reform Society. She speaks throughout Europe about vegetarianism and against animal experimentation. ` 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1883 

`The first book on vegetarian history, The Ethics of Diet, is written by Howard Williams.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1888 

`The London Vegetarian Society is formed, with its own publication, The Vegetarian.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page.


Late 1800s 

`Shortly after graduating from medical school, the noted surgeon and Seventh Day Adventist, Dr. John Harvey Kellogg, develops dozens of meatless foods. The most notable being flaked and ready to eat breakfast cereals meant to replace the customary breakfast meats. This will revolutionize the morning meal within a decade. He spends his life promoting vegetarianism and inspires his brother, Will Keith, to start the W.K. Kellogg Company. Kellogg only had one serious competitor in those days: another “quack” running a sanitarium, Charles W. Post, who invented a cereal called grape nuts.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 3. Food: A Cultural Culinary History, by Professor Ken Albala (University of the Pacific). 4. Famous Vegetarians & Their Favorite Recipes: Lives & Lore, From Buddha to the Beatles, by Rynn Berry.


1890 

`George Bayle promotes and sells ground peanuts as a source of meatless protein.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page.

1891 Cookbook -– `New Vegetarian Dishes by Mrs. E.W. Bowdich is published.’ 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson.


1892 `Leo Tolstoy writes his influential vegetarian essay, The First Step, as a preface to the Russian translation of The Ethics of Diet.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page. 4. Famous Vegetarians & Their Favorite Recipes: Lives & Lore, From Buddha to the Beatles, by Rynn Berry. 5. Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer, Edited by Kerry S. Walters and Lisa Portmess. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer. https://en.wikipedia.org/


Cookbook - `Cassell’s Vegetable Cookery: A Manual of Cheap and Wholesome Diet by Arthur Gay Payne is published.’ 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson.


1893 

Cookbook - Science in the Kitchen by Ella Eaton Kellogg, wife of Dr. John Kellogg. This is her first vegetarian cookbook. (1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page 2. Vintage Vegetarian Cuisine: Early Advocates of a Vegetarian Diet and Some of their Recipes, from 1699 to 1935, by Mark Thompson.


1895 

`New York’s first vegetarian restaurant, Vegetarian Restaurant Number 1, opens in the Hotel Byron on West 23rd Street.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page.


1896 

'A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (1896-1977) was a Gaudiya Varshnava spiritual teacher and founder preceptor of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (Hare Krishna movement). He studied Sanskrit, Philosophy, and English before going to England. His desire to teach Krishna Consciousness did not appear until he was in his mid-fifties. His teachings in England caused the vegetarian movement to grow faster than it ever had previously and he inspired millions to learn more about Krishna Consciousness, including Paul McCartney and George Harrison of the Beatles.’ 4. Famous Vegetarians & Their Favorite Recipes: Lives & Lore, From Buddha to the Beatles, by Rynn Berry. https://en.wikipedia.org/


1896 

Cookbook - `Elizor Goodrich Smith wrote Fat of the Land and How to Live On It using nuts and vegetable oils and making dairy substitutes with them.’ 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1898 

`The Vegetarians’ Home and Teetotaler Café, later named Hiltl, opens in Zurich. Said to be one of the world’s oldest continuously operating vegetarian restaurants, it still operates today.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page.


`Esme’ Wynne-Tyson (1898-1972) was a very successful actress in the English theater from childhood on. She was also a writer. Her books which have become classics: Design for Living, Blithe Spirit, Fallen Angels, The Gift, Riddle of the Tower, The Best Years of Our Lives, Mithras: The Fellow in the Cap, The Dialectics of Diotoma. She was a student of comparative religion and practiced the Mother Goddess religion. Her magnum opus was The Philosophy of Compassion: The Return of the Goddess in 1962 advocating a vegetarian diet and life of non-violence. In 1964 she edited Porphory’s On Abstinence from Animal Food.’ 4. Famous Vegetarians & Their Favorite Recipes: Lives & Lore, From Buddha to the Beatles, by Rynn Berry. 7. The Heretic’s Feast: A History of Vegetarianism by Colin Spencer.


1900

`Chicago’s first vegetarian restaurant, Pure Food Lunch Room, opens at 176 E. Madison in the Loop.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page.


`Nikola Tesla, a noted scientist and inventor, writes an article titled, The Problem of Increasing Human Energy for the June issue of Century Illustrated. In the article, Tesla condemns the inefficiency of raising animals as food and praises vegetarianism. He eventually adopts a vegetarian diet.’ 1. The Vegetarian Flavor Bible, by Karen Page; https://en.wikipedia.org/